Types of Roofing

The roof is the top covering of a structure, protecting it from rain, snow, sunlight, and temperature extremes. West Chester Roofing can be constructed in a wide variety of materials.


Metal roofs, for example, last longer than asphalt shingles and usually recoup more of their installation cost at home resale. Trim at the eaves protects the roofing panels from water back-up and helps to prevent leaks from ice dams.

Metal roofing is available in various materials including steel (galvanized, galvalume or weathering), aluminum and copper. It can be formed to imitate the look of shingles, slate, or clay roofs and comes in both flat and vertical seam styles. It also comes in many colors and coatings. It can be coated to protect against rust, or to give it the appearance of wood, tile, asphalt shingles or even concrete.

Metal roofs provide a durable and energy-efficient alternative to other roofing materials. They can withstand high wind speeds and impact from hail better than asphalt shingle roofs. They also tend to last longer than shingle roofs and are highly resistant to fire. They’re often less expensive to maintain than shingle roofs and add value to your home.

Most metal roofing is installed over a plywood sheathing and is adhered with the recommended underlayment. A quality underlayment prevents water leaks and is designed to flex with the metal. It’s important that the installer use a waterproofing underlayment that is designed to be used with metal roofing and that it complies with the local building codes.

Like any roofing material, metal roofs can get hot in the sun. However, most formed metal roofing panels have a built-in thermal break to insulate against the transfer of heat from the metal to the roof deck. This thermal break reduces the amount of heat that passes through the underlayment, which in turn cuts down on heating and cooling costs. In addition, if a metal roof is properly coated and maintained, it can reflect solar heat back into the atmosphere.

A metal roof is an excellent choice for people living in areas with heavy snowfall. Unlike a traditional shingle roof, metal roofs won’t hold onto snow and can be easily cleared with snow removal tools. Some metal roofs may be equipped with snow guards to prevent avalanches that can damage decks, shrubs, cars and people.

When you choose a metal roof, it’s important to understand the difference between galvanized and non-galvanized metal. Non-galvanized metals will rust faster than galvanized metals and need to be repainted or coated with a weathering coating. It’s also important to remember that a metal roof can be placed over an existing shingle roof, and this is often a cost-effective way to upgrade your roof.

Asphalt shingles are the most popular roofing option for homeowners. They provide a good balance between affordability, durability, and aesthetics. They are available in a wide range of colors and styles, making them suitable for many different architectural designs. Additionally, they are easy to install and require little maintenance.

Most roofing contractors will recommend fiberglass asphalt shingles, as these are more durable than their counterparts and have a longer lifespan. If you are looking for a more customized look, however, you might want to consider architectural or dimensional shingles. These are available in a variety of colors and granule options, and can be designed to resemble the look of other types of roofing, such as wood or slate.

While they are less durable than metal roofs, asphalt shingles can still stand up to harsh weather conditions. They are also resistant to fire and wind, and can comply with most building code requirements. Asphalt shingles are also easy to repair, which is important for those living in storm-prone areas.

Another advantage of asphalt shingles is that they are not as heavy as other roofing materials. This means that they can be installed on most existing homes without the need to add structural support. This is not always the case for other types of roofing, which may require significant structural changes.

Choosing the right asphalt shingle color can make a big difference in your home’s curb appeal. It is essential to find a shade that will complement the rest of your home’s exterior and blend in with the surrounding neighborhood. The good news is that there are now a number of online tools that allow you to test out different shades before committing to one.

In addition to their attractive appearance, asphalt shingles are known for their energy efficiency. Some of them are designed to reflect a large percentage of the sun’s infrared radiation, which can help reduce your heating and cooling costs. This is especially beneficial in warmer climates, where the cost of electricity can be much higher.

Shingles are a familiar sight on many roofs as they’re one of the most common roofing materials. They’re affordable and durable and offer homeowners a variety of aesthetics and color options to choose from. However, it’s important to note that shingles are only part of the system that protects your roof. Other components like the underlayment, flashing, and shingle type work together to shed water and prevent it from entering your home.

The shingles themselves can be made from several different materials, including wood, clay, slate, and composite. Each offers its own benefits and drawbacks. For example, wood shingles add a rustic, cottage-esque look to homes and are available in a wide range of colors and textures. They’re also quite resilient against weather, but aren’t suited to persistently rainy or damp areas. Slate shingles are another time-honored option that’s popular for homes with stately or historic architecture. They’re durable and resistant, and can last for a century or more when well-maintained. However, they’re heavy, and require a highly skilled and experienced tradesperson to install.

Asphalt shingles are the most commonly used shingle type. They’re made from an end-product of oil refining and are infused with a small amount of mineral powder to help boost their durability and weather resistance. The granules also provide UV protection for the asphalt and add visual appeal to your roof. It’s also worth noting that asphalt shingles aren’t the most energy-efficient choice, especially when compared to other roofing types.

Regardless of the shingle material you choose, it’s important to consider your budget and the aesthetic you’re looking for. Most shingle materials perform equally well, so the decision is largely down to personal preference and style. A roofing professional can help you compare your options and decide what’s best for your home. They’ll also take into account any specific needs you may have, like the ability to handle snow or moisture, or the need for certain fire-resistant qualities. Choosing the right shingle roof will ultimately save you money and keep your home safe for decades to come.

While flat roofs are not as common as sloped roofs, they offer a variety of benefits for businesses and homes. These include reducing heat absorption, creating additional living space and being suitable for solar panel installation. However, there are some considerations that should be taken into account before choosing this type of roofing.

Because of their low profile, flat roofs must be constructed from different materials than shingles or sloped roofing. They also need to be waterproof and durable. There are several types of flat roofing materials that can be used, including tar and gravel, EPDM synthetic rubber, PVC plastic and TPO (thermoplastic polyolefin). Built-up roofing is also a popular choice because of its durability and affordability.

One of the main problems with flat roofs is that water drains more slowly than on a sloped roof, so it can build up and cause leaks. This is why it is important to have regular inspections from a professional to catch any potential problems early on. Another issue is that because the roof is not sloping, it is easier for debris to collect on the surface. This can include twigs, leaves, dirt and other waste, which may lead to the drains becoming clogged.

The best way to prevent this from happening is to have a regular maintenance schedule and ensure that the drains are free of debris. However, even with these precautions, it is possible that a flat roof will leak at some point. This is because the waterproof membrane can become damaged due to age or weathering.

If this happens, it is crucial to call a roofing specialist right away. They will be able to repair the leaks and restore the watertight properties of the roof.

Although it is true that flat roofs are not as aesthetically pleasing as sloped roofs, they are becoming more and more popular for businesses and modern homes. This is because they provide a functional and unique design option, as well as adding value to the property. As technology advances, it is likely that flat roofs will be more accepted among homeowners, too.


How to Repair Your Home’s Roof

From blazing sun and wind-blown debris to ice dams, chimney leaks, and roof holes, there are many things that can damage a roof. Luckily, homeowners insurance typically covers most of these repairs if the cause is considered covered peril like fallen trees or severe storms.

roof repair

Nonetheless, nobody wants to be doing roof repair in howling winds or torrential rain or under the threat of an incoming blizzard. Taking the right steps at the right time can help keep Roof Repair to a minimum.

If you’ve got a roof leak or a few missing shingle pieces, it’s easy to repair them yourself. Just grab a ladder, a pair of rubber gloves, and a tool belt. You’ll also need a pry bar, a hammer, and a utility knife. Once you’re on the roof, locate the damaged shingle. Then, pull up the old shingle and pry out the nails that hold it. Be careful not to tear off the glue strip that holds it to the roof. You can use a tarp to catch the old nails for disposal later.

Once you’ve removed the old shingle, lay down a bead of roof sealant along the glue strip and then press your replacement shingle into place. Use roofing cement to seal the nail heads. Be sure to match the hue, texture and style of your new shingles with the existing ones. Mismatched shingles look like a patchy haircut, and they can also allow water to seep underneath, leading to further damage and costly repairs.

You can find roofing sealant in tubes for a caulking gun at most home improvement stores. It’s best to use this over roof shingle adhesive because it provides a stronger and longer-lasting seal. It’s a good idea to do an annual inspection of your roof to ensure that it’s watertight. Clear out cobwebs and other debris, recaulk areas where the caulking gas has shrunk or failed, and repaint flashing if it shows signs of corrosion.

Many homeowners are tempted to try to save money by repairing a roof themselves rather than hiring a professional. However, a reputable roofer has the experience and knowledge to do a quality job that will last for years to come.

A professional can also help you with roof shingle installation. In fact, this is the preferred method for a roof because it offers a more attractive finish and protects the underlying structure from moisture.


This thin sheet of metal is placed around the edges and joints on a roof to help protect it from water damage. It can be made of metals like aluminum and stainless steel or other materials, including plastic or lead. It’s typically installed at joints and other areas where leaks are prone to occur, such as around chimneys, plumbing vents, skylights, dormers, roof valleys, eaves, and ridges. Roof flashing also helps prevent ice dams in cold climates by blocking cracks and crevices where ice may form.

When installing a new roof, flashing is usually applied as part of the roofing process, often being placed between the underlayment and shingles. However, it is possible for flashing to become damaged or loosened after years of exposure to weather elements. If left untreated, these leaks can cause significant water damage to the underlying structure of your home.

If you notice a problem with your roof flashing, it is best to call in the experts for a professional repair. This is not a project that you want to take on yourself as it can be extremely dangerous and requires extensive safety equipment including a sturdy ladder, safety harness, and closed-toe shoes. In addition, you should always have a spotter to help you out and be sure that you’re wearing the proper gloves for working on a roof.

Depending on the type of flashing that you have, it may be fixed in place with caulking or roofing cement. In some cases, it will be necessary to replace the flashing altogether if it is significantly damaged or corroded.

Flashing is typically created from metals such as copper, galvanized steel, or aluminum. These durable materials can be used in conjunction with other types of roof materials such as shingles or tile. They can also be used to line up window and door openings with exterior walls.

In some instances, the flashing that is installed around a chimney will be held in place with mortar, so it’s important to examine this area for damage. If the flashing becomes cracked or loosened, it should be replaced immediately to prevent further damage to your roof and other structural components of your home.


Gutters are a necessary component of your roof system because they channel water flow away from the siding and foundation of your house. Without gutters, rainwater may overflow your shingles and cause damage to the outer walls and windows of your home. In addition, if your gutters are clogged with leaves and branches, they will be unable to effectively drain away the water that flows from your roof. Regular gutter cleaning and maintenance can prevent these problems.

Most homes have a gutter system that is attached to the eave of the roof. These gutters catch the water that flows off the roof and then channels it down into vertical sectionals called downspouts. Downspouts then redirect the water into your yard or a drainage system to ensure that it does not overflow into your house. In addition, these gutters help to reduce erosion of the ground around your home and decrease the risk of basement flooding and foundation damage.

The most common problem with gutters is clogs caused by leaves, twigs, and other debris. Clogged gutters can be nearly as damaging as having no gutters at all. In addition, if the gutters become so clogged with water that it begins to overflow, it will cause the soffit and fascia to get wet, which can lead to mold.

If your gutters are leaking, it is important to have them repaired as soon as possible to prevent further damage. Gutters should be inspected after storms as flying debris can damage them or knock a section off entirely. A gutter repair contractor can fix any leaks or holes in the gutters with a patch kit that is available from most hardware stores.

You can also choose to have your gutters replaced with a different material than the original. Copper gutters are a good option for those who want to add an elegant touch to their home, and they are more durable than aluminum and vinyl gutters. Different materials come with varying maintenance needs, so it is best to discuss your options with your roofer. In general, it is a good idea to have your gutters cleaned and maintained twice a year.


The soffit is a wood or aluminum board that covers the area beneath your roof’s overhang. It helps ventilate your home and prevents moisture buildup, mold, and mildew in your attic and roof structure. It also helps support your gutter system and improves your home’s curb appeal.

If you notice signs of soffit damage, such as gnaw marks or droppings, it’s important to repair it as soon as possible. If the soffit is severely damaged, it may need to be replaced altogether. Roofing contractors can inspect the area to assess the damage and make recommendations.

You should also pay attention to the fascia, which is a long piece of wood that runs along your roof’s edge. It acts as a last line of support for the bottom row of shingles or tiles and can help your gutters hold up to heavy rain. The fascia is a vital part of your roof and should be kept in good condition to help protect your home from moisture and mold buildup.

Often, soffits and fascia are made of the same material, such as vinyl or aluminum, but each has its own benefits and drawbacks. You should consider your options carefully before making a decision. For instance, wood is inexpensive but prone to rot and warping, while aluminum is more expensive but less susceptible to damage from the sun.

While soffits and fascia are not as visible as the shingles and gutters on your roof, they are essential components of its health. They keep your home well-ventilated, help prevent moisture and mold buildup, and support your gutters. They should be inspected regularly to ensure they are in good shape and do not need repair or replacement.

If your soffit is rotting or shows signs of mold, it’s time to contact a roofing contractor for repairs. Similarly, if you notice any cracking or loose paint on the fascia, you should have it repaired immediately. In addition, if you find any critters living in the space or hear strange sounds in your attic, it’s likely because pests have taken up residence and need to be removed.